Uganda has a rapidly growing population and economy. With this growth, its energy needs have risen sharply in the last decade. The Electricity Regulatory Authority (ERA) estimates that as of December 2022, installed electricity capacity in Uganda was 1,402 megawatts (MW) with demand at 843 MW, leaving a surplus of 559 MW.  Uganda’s largest hydropower project, the 600 MW Karuma Hydro Power Dam is expected to come fully operational in 2024.


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The National Energy Policy for Uganda 2023 focuses on expanding the electricity transmission and distribution grid networks; increasing energy efficiency; promoting the use of alternative sources of energy; and strengthening the policy, legal and institutional framework. Uganda has developed several sub-sectoral policies, including the 2008 National Oil and Gas Policy (currently under review), the Renewable Energy Policy (2007), and the Electricity Connections Policy (2018).

Uganda’s energy sector is undergoing significant transformation with a focus on expanding access, enhancing generation capacity, and integrating renewable energy sources. There’s a growing interest and investment in solar, wind, and geothermal energy.

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Should you have any questions about this power guide do not hesitate to contact Apollo Makubuya, Fiona Magona or Godwin Kakande